Nitrogen Deficiency In Crops: How To Detect & Fix It
Nitrogen deficiency causes essential crop losses. Satellite-based analytics help farmers control nitrogen deficiency in fields and maintain sufficient N levels.
Modern agriculturalists strongly rely on precision farming technologies that considerably facilitate their efforts. However, emerging businesses often hesitate to opt for innovations, being uncertain about the benefits or facing specific difficulties due to a lack of experience or credit availability.
Adewale Adegoke, CEO of the AgroXchange digital platform for agriculture in Nigeria, shared his impressions about cooperation with EOS Data Analytics. Let’s see what benefits of precision farming technology smaller agricultural enterprises can enjoy in Western Africa.
The essential issue preventing local farmers from embedding precision farming technology is data accessibility. In other words, farm owners can’t keep pace in the world of constantly emerging data and, correspondingly, cannot discover the advantages. The other thing is that small agricultural enterprises often have difficulties with credit opportunities. In this situation, the best option is to have a unified network that provides information access and promotes precision technologies in farming on a regular basis. Such tools like mapping or crop monitoring help local agriculturalists improve production efficiency. In particular, the National Cotton Association of Nigeria (NACOTAN) managed to boost its cotton production and endorse smallholder farming members.
Presently, there are around 126.000 farms in our database, and their average size is 7.5 acres. They grow different crops and work with various suppliers.
The pandemic restrictions did affect our food export due to border closures. COVID-19 interfered with our government’s plans to support small businesses. As for shifting to precision technology, there were no significant changes among small farmers for the simple reason that most of them don’t have a possibility of digital access. It spurred us to cooperate with small farming communities to help them adopt precision technologies and promote digital agriculture tools. The main focus was made on cost-sharing, access to digital data in precision farming, and cooperation with investors to support the private sector of the textile industry.
The crucial moment was the COVID-19 outbreak when we could not afford to use drones for field inspection anymore. We tried to switch to AI and machine learning instead. This is how we started to cooperate with EOSDA and use its Crop Monitoring in Nigeria and Ghana. The benefits of satellite data for crop monitoring purposes include lower costs and bigger land coverage, which is particularly important for large farms. Satellite imagery also suggests easier access to operational data, which enables more rational farm management. Detecting critical areas and assessing soil moisture in each separate field helps farmers save fertilization and irrigation costs.
The most popular precision agriculture features are the assessment of crop health, weather forecasts, and notifications. According to our estimation, there will be a growth in the use of reports and change detection.
The strong side of satellite crop monitoring is that it allows farmers to inspect their fields from any place and at any time. The great things to begin with and understand the technology benefits are vegetation indices, weather forecasts, and report generation. This way, farmers can know what is happening in their fields and assess the health of their crops. It is also convenient that most precision farming software offers free trials and demo accounts, which helps understand how things work and outline the benefits. Besides, the apps have an easy-to-use and intuitive interface, which is a great advantage for new customers.
Nigeria and other Sub-Saharan countries witness considerable growth in technological applications in agriculture. The main obstacles impeding the novelty adoption by average farmers are:
Over 80% of Nigerian farms are small enterprises, and their owners have no regular income due to small crop volumes and insufficient information on how to optimize yields. This is where the risk management potential of precision farming technologies is helpful. It is not easy to get through this situation. The most significant advantage of the technology is to boost crop yields via necessary amendments in the fields. The situation changes if they have access to local farm records and information on the state of crops. Another point is that farm owners can reduce input costs. To deal with the farmers’ uncertainty, it is important to provide use cases so that they could understand how precision agriculture tools have already proved useful.
We will expand our database and involve more farming cooperatives to promote product awareness and the availability of precision agriculture techniques. Thanks to Crop Monitoring’s flexibility, we can extend the scope of its applications to larger areas. This way, we will be able to introduce the technology better and promote it further in the Sub-Saharan region.