As far as 12 thousand years ago, farmers already began to use various tricks to increase the crops. By 2050, we will need 70% more food, so the introduction of new technologies is very relevant. And technology can substantially improve agricultural efficiency.
Crop protection is a complex of instruments, products, and strategies used to defend crops against weeds, pests, viruses, plant diseases, and other harmful factors. They can have devastating results considerably reducing or even destroying future crops. Farmers and scientists around the world are constantly working on control measures to eliminate unwanted impact. And the experts have come to a common conclusion that protection is far more efficient than cure. Luckily, the latest developments in modern agriculture provide various solutions.
The correct approach to plant protection is of significant importance as it enables farmers to boost productivity and reduce the losses.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, if farmers stop implementing crop protection methods, they will immediately lose about 40 percent of the crop due to pests and plant diseases.
Crop monitoring is a powerful tool for achieving sustainable crop production. It helps promote agroecological knowledge and practice to develop a resilient farming system. This approach averts the negative factors, thus reducing the potential costs needed in case of problem manifestation. So, what are the main methods of crop threat prevention?
What Assessment Methods Does Monitoring System Use?
Proper Field Protection is Half the Battle
The fields need to be closely monitored to identify potential problems with vegetation. This task is now entrusted to artificial intelligence systems that collect and analyze large amounts of data and provide information about the current state of the land. Fertile soil will bring healthy plants that are less susceptible to the influence of pests and diseases. It works like a human immune system.
Main parameters that our system will monitor:
- Soil fertility
- Moisture level
- Weather forecasts
- Analysis of pest and weed thefts
Crop rotation is a powerful tool in crop protect approach
Crop rotation is of great importance in the fight against pests and diseases of crops. This factor decreases the phytosanitary potential by 2- 6 times compared to its level in permanent crops. In this case, specific weeds, diseases, pests disappear. Corn is characterized by stable self-compatibility and can be grown for 4-5 years in one and the same area. But peas, sugar beets, wheat, barley, oats, rye, vetch negatively react even to one repeated sowing and, on the contrary, will give an increased crop when they are correctly placed in the crop rotation.
Crop rotation is a priority condition for improving the soil, crops and the environment. Using our platform, you can easily control crop rotation by updating data on what crops were grown in certain areas and how they alternated.
Irrigation System Optimization
The soil moisture level is the key to maintaining optimal plant health and maximum crops. After zoning the fields using vegetation indices in the Crop Monitoring system, you can identify zones that have constant low productivity.
The reasons are the relief features and lack of water. Or, on the contrary, it can be the flooding issue, as well as their improper fertilizing. All these factors will weaken the plants and make them more susceptible to diseases. Flooding of certain areas boosts weeds growth. By identifying and eliminating these factors, you will take a huge step towards preventing possible threats.
Another aspect of irrigation optimization is water control. About 70% of clean water is used for agricultural needs worldwide. And 60% of it is wasted. Modern technology systems solve this problem allowing remote control and efficient distribution.
Importance of immediate actions
It is vital to react to the slightest problems in the fields. With the Crop Monitoring system, you can keep constant control of the status of your fields uses vegetation indices. You should not spend 24 hours on it. The system will send a notification in case of the slightest index deviation. And you will be able to take appropriate measures based on the received data.
Managing weather risks
Another important parameter in crop protection strategy is the assessment of weather risks. Such phenomena as hail or hurricanes may cause serious damage to crops. Using our platform, you will receive a weather forecast for five days. It will allow you to prepare the field for the worsening weather conditions.
Weeds deprive cultivated plants of nutrients, obscure them from the sun. Weeds carry diseases or can spread pests. According to various sources, farmers lose 10-50% of their harvest annually because of weeds. Thanks to artificial intelligence technologies, farmers can identify weeds and destroy them pointwise.
The classification of weed control methods is based on their ability to spread and the ways of fighting them. Usually we talk about preventive and fighter activities.
Preventive measures include quarantine and various organizational stages like correct seed treatment and storage.
Fighter activities can be of the following type:
Using the vegetative index MSAVI in the Crop Monitoring platform, you can detect the weeds at the earliest stages of crop growth. It is the right time to deal with the problem of eliminating its spread.
There are several effective ways to control pests:
The agronomic method has a preventive nature. Initially, it is required to study the soil composition and determine its quality: nutrition, duration of use, groundwater level, acidity, etc. There are other necessary actions: timely soil fertilizing and loosening, cleaning the remains of the plants from the fields.
And it is vital to constantly monitor the status of your fields. The appropriate reaction to the threat is the best crop protection. This is what our platform offers. Constant monitoring of fields using vegetation indices will allow you to identify and localize the area that was attacked by pests as soon as it happens. An immediate response to the threat will save your plants and money.
There is a wide range of disease protective measures:
- use of chemicals;
- planting of disease-resistant varieties;
- introduction of quarantine for infected plants;
- constant monitoring and prediction of plant conditions;
- the heat treatment of plants;
- crop rotation;
- deep plowing;
- burning the remains after the harvest.
Many viral plant diseases of plants are transmitted by insects; therefore, the control of insects is directly related to the control of diseases.
Crop Monitoring will help to forecast and prevent plant diseases by analyzing the temperature, precipitation, moisture and soil conditions. But if the disease still starts to develop, you will be able to identify the affected areas in time and localize them to prevent further spread of the disease.
Implementing crop protection services are much more efficient than dealing with the problem. Preventive measures will save your efforts and money. The Crop Monitoring system enables you to control the most essential parameters of the field health and weather conditions. This way you can create individual plans for your field works, foresee the potential risks, and develop preventive measures for negative scenarios. We will help you protect your plants.